Due to the widespread popularity of the sun god, different versions of the Seal of Shamash exist, but the variations are so minimal that the image remains constant. In Mesopotamian religion Shamash was the Akkadian name of the sun god, corresponding to Sumerian Utu. He travels through the Underworld at night in order to begin in the East the next day. The worship of Shemesh/Shamash was also practiced among the Israelites, although it was forbidden by the prophets and biblical writers. Outside of the cross and the swastika, the hexagram is one of the oldest and most universal spiritual symbols. Shamash was the son of Sin. The consort of Shamash was known as Aya. “SHAMASH” is the “Attendant or Caretaker” in the religious ceremonies and it is even employed to designate the special nineth candle used during the HANNUKAH celebrations, where the jewish people light the special 8 arms candelabra commemorating the Hashmonayin revolt to achieve freedom from the Roman empire in Mesopotamia – Israel. In Babylon, located in the south of Mesopotamia, the symbol of Shamash was the solar disk, with a four-pointed star inside it. Find Shamash Sun Symbol Star Ishtar Sumerian stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Shipping. She was known as "torch of the gods" and is considered an important deity in Canaanite pantheon. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. His main cult center in Sumer was the city of Larsa, and in Akkad his primary temple was in Sippar. King Josiah attempted to abolish sun worship (2 Kings 23), although the prophet Ezekiel claimed that it was prominent again in his day, even in the Temple of Jerusalem itself (Ezekiel 8:16). In this capacity, he became known as the god of justice and equity and was the judge of both gods and men. Ordering Online. The Pentacle is an encircled Pentagram.A Pentagram is an ancient spiritual symbol shaped as a five-pointed star with one point aligned upwards. He was believed to emerge from the doors of Heaven every day at dawn and ride across the sky in his chariot before returning to the "interior of heaven" through a set of doors in the far west every evening. From shop FraterSetnakh. In addition to being the god of the sun, Shamash was also the deity of justice. In mythology, Shamash was the son of the moon god Sin (known as Nanna in Sumerian), and thus the brother of the goddess Ishtar (Sumerian: Inanna), who represented the great "star" of Venus. In the design accompanying the code, Hammurabi is represented as receiving his laws from Shamash as the embodiment of justice. An inscription left by King Hammurabi indicates that his famous law code was inspired and promulgated at Shamash's command. Star of Shamash, aka solar disc of Utu, necklace with antique finish. The message was so strong that Mesopotamian kings used the symbol as a cylinder seal, or ‘signature’. In later Babylonian astral mythology, Sin, Shamash, and Ishtar formed a major triad of divinities, which still today plays an important role in astrological systems, though under different names. This online system is 100% secure. In Jewish tradition, the Hanukkah menorah has an extra light, called the shamash, which is used to light the eight other lights. In mythology , Shamash was the son of the moon god Sin (known as Nanna in Sumerian), and thus the brother of the goddess Ishtar (Sumerian: Inanna ), who represented the great "star" of Venus . Finkel, Irving L., and Markham J. Geller. Utu's charioteer was named Bunene. In the maturing Babylonian pantheon these minor sun gods became attendants in Shamash's service. Shop Star of Shamash Round Ornament designed by CorTauri. Genesis 6:1 “When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose…”. In the Hebrew Bible, worshiping Shemesh was forbidden and theoretically punishable by stoning, although it is doubtful that this was enforced. In inscriptions, the attribute most commonly associated with Shamash is justice. Shamash is depicted as overcoming darkness and death. Enemies take 100% ATK + 1,984 x2 Fire DMG, have their Attack and Move Speeds slowed by 30%, suffer 15% more Total DMG Multiplier from hits, receive 936 Fire DMG per second, and have a 10% chance of being stunned for 2.5s. At night, Shamash became the judge of the underworld. Isaiah 14:12-15 ESV / 3 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful “How you are fallen from heaven, O Day Star, son of Dawn! In the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, it is with Shamash's blessing and support that Gilgamesh and his companion Enkidu travel to the forest of Lebanon to slay the forest guardian Humbaba. The irony is that like the Swastika, or at least as it is intended, the Star of David is a solar symbol representing us. Category: The Star of Shamash. A hexagram is a six pointed star composed of two overlapped triangles, found in use by a number of faiths and cultures. Here, the heroes act on Shamash's behalf to enter the realm of darkness, conquer the monster who protects it, and take home its treasure in the form of the famed cedars of Lebanon. Other theories state that it represents how the sun (and Shamash) hold dominion over all four quarters of the earth. Shamash in Canaanite and Hebrew tradition, Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure, Symbols.com description of Shamash symbol, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Shamash&oldid=1026665, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The temple at Sippar was the most famous, but temples to Shamash were erected in all large population centers, including Babylon, Ur, Mari, Nippur, and Nineveh. The hexagram is associated with the Biblical Solomon, best known as the Star of David in the Jewish religion. 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