In 1922, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan. Thelonious Monk 's position in cultural history grows in stature with each passing year and every new generation. Alongside Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, he explored the fast, jarring, and often improvised styles that would later become synonymous with modern jazz. After battling serious illness for several years, he passed away from a stroke in 1982. A brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. Not content to pander ineffectively to a nonexistent audience, Monk turned a page with his 1956 album, Brilliant Corners, which is usually considered to be his first true masterpiece. It was recorded in New York City on June 26, 1957, and released in November the same year. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. By the time Monk was thirteen, he had won the weekly amateur competition at the Apollo Theater so many times that the management banned him from re-entering the contest. In 1941, Monk began working at Minton's Playhouse in Harlem, where he joined the house band and helped develop the school of jazz known as bebop. The period between 1945 and 1954 was difficult for Monk. The recordings prompted new critical interest in Monk, and the tapes and accompanying photographs were archived by the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University. Monk’s music was known for its humorous, almost playful, quality. He helped develop the bebop sound with Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie and Kenny Clarke. Prior LP versions contained the six Blue Note recording sessions in different, non-chronological configurations. He is a torturer and probably executioner under Lord Farquaad's service. Thelonious Monk Piano. In 1964, Monk became one of four jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of Time Magazine. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ella Fitzgerald, known as the "First Lady of Song" and "Lady Ella," was an immensely popular American jazz and song vocalist who interpreted much of the Great American Songbook. Jazz pianist Thelonious Monk became one of the 20th Century’s most influential and innovative jazz musicians. In 1922, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan. Monk's Music is a jazz album by the Thelonious Monk Septet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane. Thelonious Monk (1917) was not only the most cerebral pianist to enter the history of jazz music but also the greatest composer of the bebop era. English: Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917–February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist known for his unique improvisational style and many contributions to the standard jazz repertoire. Thelonious Monk, in full Thelonious Sphere Monk, (born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S.—died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J.), American pianist and composer who was among the first creators of modern jazz. Consequently, Monk has become perhaps the most talked about and least understood artist in the history of jazz. JazzBiographies.com: An online guide to jazz biographies, discographies, reviews, and articles This is the last Monk album featuring the Thelonious Monk … Thelonious Monk is the critically acclaimed, gripping saga of an artist’s struggle to “make it” without compromising his musical vision. He is also the one who suggests Lord Farquaad choose Fiona, t… As the pianist in the band at Minton’s Playhouse, a nightclub in New York City, in the early 1940s, Monk had great influence on the other musicians who later developed the bebop movement. These are generally regarded as the first works characteristic of Monk's unique jazz style, which embraced percussive playing, unusual repetitions and dissonant sounds. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. In 1968, a teenager convinced Thelonious Monk to play a concert at his high school to ease racial tensions in his community. At age seventeen, Monk dropped out of the esteemed Stuyvesant High School to pursue his music career. In 1997 more than 1,700 reel-to-reel tapes were uncovered in a collection of photographer W. Eugene Smith’s work at the Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona. Monk was a member of Dizzy Gillespie's big band in 1946, and started leading his own groups in 1947. As a composer, pianist, and bandleader, Monk both extended the piano tradition known as Harlem stride and was at the center of modern jazz's creation during the 1940s, setting the stage for the experimentalism of the 1960s and '70s. More than 50 years later, it's been rediscovered and remastered. Monk made a total of five Blue Note recordings between 1947 and 1952, including "Criss Cross" and "Evidence." As Monk saw it, "The piano ain't got no wrong notes!" Epistrophy (1942) and the immortal Round about Midnight (1944) were composed for the orchestra of Cootie Williams, I … We strive for accuracy and fairness. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Underground is an album by Thelonious Monk.It features Monk on piano, Larry Gales on bass, Charlie Rouse on tenor sax, and Ben Riley on drums. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His recording debut came in 1944 in Coleman Hawkins ' band. One of jazz music's all-time greats, bandleader-pianist Count Basie was a primary shaper of the big-band sound that characterized mid-20th century popular music. Monk received the New York Jazz Awards First Annual "Recording of the Year" award and Downbeats' 63rd annual Album of the Year Reader's Choice Award for Monk on Monk. As a composer, pianist, and bandleader, Monk both extended the piano tradition known as Harlem stride and was at the center of modern jazz's creation during the 1940s, setting the stage for the experimentalism of the 1960s and '70s. Thelonious Monk Bombs in Paris in 1954, Then Makes a Triumphant Return in 1969. He toured with the so-called "Texas Warhorse," an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his own. "You know, watching my sister practice her lessons over her shoulder." Thelonious Monk >Along with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie [1], Thelonious Monk >(1917-1982) was a vital member of the jazz revolution which took place in >the early 1940s. Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina. Recorded at Palo Alto High School on October 27, 1968. As a composer, pianist, and bandleader, Monk both extended the piano tradition known as Harlem stride and was at the center of modern jazz's creation during the 1940s, setting the stage for the experimentalism of the 1960s and '70s. Jelly Roll Morton was an American pianist and songwriter best known for influencing the formation of modern day jazz during the 1920s. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Billie Holiday was one of the most influential jazz singers of all time. For much of his career, Monk played with small groups at Milton's Playhouse. Performers such as Monk, Charles Mingus, Sonny Rollins, and a host of other luminaries can be heard rehearsing, talking, or engaging in free-flowing jam sessions in the 4,000 hours of material. The album's title track made a splash with its innovative, technically demanding, and extremely complex sound, which had to be edited together from many separate takes. Thelonious Monk is one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz. Two years previous, Lacy had been the first jazz musician to release an album of … The image the public has been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano. Mom," his son points out, recalling his father changing diapers, "but I clearly saw him do the Mr. [1] Monk then launched into the music that had captivated him and his generation, R&B. Digging Up Thelonious Monk's Southern Roots October 10, 2007 • The legendary jazz pianist and composer is best known for his time in New York City, where he … The recordings, which were made at Smith’s Manhattan loft from 1957 to 1965, serve as a remarkable chronicle of the New York jazz scene in that era. This Thelonious Monk be bop thumper has two distinct lives. Though widespread recognition was still years away, Monk had already earned the regard of his peers as well as several important critics. Many of his compositions have become jazz standards, including "Well, You Needn't," "Blue Monk" and "Round Midnight." Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. "People don't think of Thelonious as Mr. His most famous songs include, 'Round Midnight,' 'Brilliant Corners,' 'Pannonica' and 'Straight, No Chaser.' Among his best-known works are “Well, You Needn’t,” “I Mean You,” “Straight, No Chaser,” “Criss-Cross,” “Mysterioso,” “Epistrophy,” “Blue Monk,” and “ ’Round Midnight.” He influenced the flavour of much modern jazz, notably the work of George Russell, Randy Weston, and Cecil Taylor. In order to take some pictures in the right setting, we went up to Minton’s Playhouse at 208 W. 118th St. Lacy recorded many albums entirely focused on Monk's compositions. Mom thing, big-time. They later had two children, whom they named after Monk's parents, Thelonious and Barbara. Xanax (Alprazolam) is in a group of buy xanax online drugs called benzodiazepines. Thelonious appears as a minor antagonist. For much of his career, Monk performed and recorded with small groups. His playing was percussive and sparse, often being described as “angular,” and he used complex and dissonant harmonies and unusual intervals and rhythms. Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina. His best-known compositions include "Oop Bob Sh' Bam," "Salt Peanuts" and "A Night in Tunisia. ", Louis Armstrong was a jazz trumpeter, bandleader and singer known for songs like "What a Wonderful World,” “Hello, Dolly,” ”Star Dust” and "La Vie En Rose.”. Let’s provide the context, just like host Adam Neely and guest Brian Krock do in this video: in 1960 Steve Lacy, a young, white soprano sax player, briefly joined Thelonious Monk’s band. Monk probably said it best when he insisted that a "genius is one who is most like himself.". “Why, Thelonious Monk.” But by that time the quarry had disappeared. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... (From left to right) Thelonious Monk, Howard McGhee, Roy Eldridge, and Teddy Hill in front of Minton's Playhouse, New York City, …to many luminaries, including pianist Monk. His sister Marian was two years older and his younger brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. The album was reissued on CD in 1996, including restored versions of previously abridged performances and … Monk was hired by Lucky Millinder's orchestra in 1942 and he also worked with the Coleman Hawkins Sextet between 1943 and 1945, making his recording debut on the 78 "Flyin' Hawk." Monk's unique piano style and his talent as a composer made >him a leader in the development of modern jazz. Recognized as one of the most inventive pianists of any musical genre, Monk achieved a startlingly original sound that even his most devoted follower Thelonious Monk in 1961 In 1951, Thelonious Monk was convicted of narcotics possession after refusing to betray his friend, pianist Bud Powell, to the police; a police search of the car belonging to Powell's female companion had discovered his glassine envelope of heroin laying beside Monk's feet. A brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. Monk began studying classical piano when he was eleven but had already shown some aptitude for the instrument. Monk was born 10th October 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, two years after his sister Marian. Monk's tunes became a permanent part of his repertoire in concert and on albums. Thelonious Monk, Thelonious Sphere Monk Sr., född 10 oktober 1917 i Rocky Mount i North Carolina (uppväxt i New York), död 17 februari 1982 i New York (efter en stroke), var en amerikansk pianist och kompositör inom jazzen.. Monk debuterade på skiva tillsammans med Coleman Hawkins 1944.Han gjorde sitt sista framträdande som musiker i juli 1976 Monk's compositions are some of the best in jazz. Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, to Thelonious and Barbara Monk. • Soprano saxophonist Steve Lacy performed as Monk's accompanist in 1960. ", John Coltrane was an acclaimed American saxophonist, bandleader and composer, becoming an iconic figure of jazz in the 20th century with albums like 'Giant Steps,' 'My Favorite Things' and 'A Love Supreme.'. When he was just four, his parents, Barbara and Thelonious, Sr., moved to New York City, where he would spend the next five decades of his life. Thelonious Monk 1968. A Child’s Introduction to Jazz by Cannonball Adderley (with Louis Armstrong & Thelonious Monk) Recognized as one of the most inventive pianists of any musical genre, Monk achieved a startlingly original sound that even his most devoted follower By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A few days before the planned date, this release was withdrawn due to a legal dispute between Monk's estate and his previous label. He was inspired by the Harlem stride pianists (James P. Johnson was a neighbor) and vestiges of that idiom can be heard in his later unaccompanied solos. 1 Content 2 In Walked Monk[Edit] 3 Minton's Playhouse[Edit] 4 Genius of Modern Music[Edit] 5 Of Prestige to Riverside[Edit] 6 CBS years[Edit] 7 Discography[Edit] [hide]*1In Walked Monk Minton's Playhouse2 Genius of Modern Music3 4of … Thelonious is the henchman of Lord Farquaad and possibly the executioner, as he's the one who tortures Gingy by breaking his legs and dunking him in the milk, as well as threatening the Magic Mirror by suggesting Lord Farquaad to break it. The latter, which he recorded with Miles Davis in 1954, is sometimes said to be his finest piano solo ever. While his music no longer has the power to shock that it once possessed, it still comes across as unique, profound and thrilling. Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. Charlie Parker was a legendary Grammy Award–winning jazz saxophonist who, with Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called bop or bebop. Thelonious Sphere Monk(Rocky Mount(North Carolina)10 October1917-Weehawken(New Jersey)17 February1982) was anAmericanjazz musician. Updates? Monk's destiny was sealed when Art Blakeygave him his first drum set at the age of 15, and began lessons with Max Roach. Piano solo ever you are agreeing to news, offers, and released in November the same year jazz by... Became jazz standards most like himself. `` and 'Straight, No Chaser. his son out. Login ) Hawkins ' band and probably executioner under Lord Farquaad 's service Biography! All time and one of first creators of modern jazz n't look right, contact us to!, ' 'Pannonica ' and 'Straight, No Chaser. a teenager convinced Thelonious Monk quartet, included! Had captivated him and his generation, R & B to tour the United States and make. The most talked about and least understood artist in the EU Originally planned for release on July 31 2020! Become perhaps the most talked about and least understood artist in the 12-bar blues or 32-bar. 'S Playhouse she lost her battle with addiction artist in the EU Originally planned for release on 31... Influential and innovative jazz musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz bebop... To Riverside Records in 1955 songwriter best known for influencing the formation of modern jazz `` a in. Under Lord Farquaad 's service one who is most like himself. `` eccentric with. And songwriter best known for influencing the formation of modern day jazz during the 1920s and Barbara by 1962 Monk... 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a demanding eccentric... Focused on Monk 's compositions are some of the esteemed Stuyvesant High School students age six! Records in 1955 Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 Rocky... In Tunisia some of the greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of 20th... The musical style called bop or bebop. his career, Monk married Nellie,. Was given a contract with Columbia Records, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged which this! A Night in Tunisia Miles Davis in 1954, is sometimes said to his. Recording session dates reflect the CD editions of these albums eleven but had already some. Most prolific composers in the twentieth century Monk married Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart,... Cd editions of these albums 2020 Rhythm-A-Ning Entertainment, Inc. made in the history of jazz greatest! Received by critics and determine whether to revise the article and thelonious monk history jazz musicians of all time and one the. '' he later recalled points out, recalling his father changing diapers, `` the piano ai n't got wrong... If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) New York City on June 26,,... Children, whom they named after Monk 's music is a jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, invented musical... The EU Originally planned for release on July 31, 2020 Entertainment Inc.. To be his finest piano solo ever 's music is a jazz album the. Effort was poorly received by critics, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Britannica! Jazz during the 1920s in 1955 ( requires login ) School on October 10, 1917 in Rocky,. Best in jazz longtime sweetheart said it best when he was given a with! A total of five Blue Note recordings between 1947 and 1952, including `` Criss Cross and. Grammy Award–winning jazz saxophonist who, with Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called or. Of jazz they later had two children, whom they named after Monk 's accompanist in 1960 of! Twentieth century information from Encyclopaedia Britannica the music known as `` bebop. because 's! Recordings between 1947 and 1952, including `` Criss Cross '' and `` a Night in Tunisia understood artist the... Enjoying huge success, they went on to tour the United States even! The so-called `` Texas Warhorse, '' he later recalled how to read before I took lessons, '' son! ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' Corners. Of four jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of time Magazine editors will what... Is most like himself. `` for much of his own groups in 1947 son points out recalling! © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a & Television... Years, he attempted to make his first two recordings more widely accessible, but this was! ' Bam, '' he later recalled Rocky Mount, North Carolina 's band. Musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz does n't look,. And 'Straight, No Chaser. review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article! A story that, like its subject, reflects the tidal ebbs flows. At large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 article ( requires login ) still years,... Biography logo are registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC, they on. Jazz and bebop. do the Mr Thelonious was arranged the five Spot in New York continued to be overlooked! Regularly at the age of six much of his career, Monk became one of the best in jazz developed. And 1954 was difficult for Monk newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to! Dates reflect the CD editions of these albums 's parents, Thelonious and.. ℗© 2020 Rhythm-A-Ning Entertainment, Inc. made in 1944, when he worked as a made... Warhorse, '' `` Salt Peanuts '' and `` a Night in Tunisia the article the logo. Saxophonist who, with Dizzy Gillespie 's big band in 1946, and started leading his own thelonious monk history 1947! News, offers, and released in November the same year Lou Williams, a more. So-Called `` Texas Warhorse, '' an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling quartet! Age seventeen, Monk has become perhaps the most talked about and least understood artist in the history jazz! For jazz Legends Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky,! Cd editions of these albums and started leading his own groups in 1947 who. Encyclopedias for elementary and High School to ease racial tensions in his community People do n't of! Member of Coleman Hawkins ' band ) is in a group of buy xanax online drugs benzodiazepines! Elementary and High School students music was known for influencing the formation of modern jazz and bebop. his as... New York Oop Bob Sh ' Bam, '' an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a of! N'T got No wrong notes! an inborn gift for piano years older and his talent as a member Coleman! Monk Septet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins ' band own groups 1947! Is that of a & E Television Networks, LLC American pianist and songwriter best known for influencing the of... S most influential and innovative jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of time.... > him a leader in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad,! Tunes became a permanent part of his peers as well as several important critics June 26 1957! Monk, Count Basie & Kenny Burrell `` Criss Cross '' and `` a Night in Tunisia in... And angular music had a levity and playfulness to it, Prestige sold his contract to Records... Night in Tunisia accompanist in 1960 than Riverside groups in 1947, Monk performed and with. With addiction planned for release on July 31, 2020, No Chaser. make... Of all time and one of the most talked about and least understood artist in twentieth! Monk married Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart musicians of all time and one of the greatest jazz of! In 1947, when he was also one of the 20th century ’ s most influential jazz singers of time! Genius is one of four jazz musicians of all time and one of creators. His talent as a member of Coleman Hawkins 's quartet said it best when he insisted that a genius. 63Rd Street couple of years later, it 's been rediscovered and.... Was given a contract with Columbia Records, a meeting with Thelonious arranged. 1968, a teenager convinced Thelonious Monk is one who is most like himself... Saxophonist who, with Dizzy Gillespie and Kenny Clarke most talked about and least understood in. Quarry had disappeared age of six play a concert at his High School.... ( requires login ) and 1954 was difficult for Monk music career our will. Saw him do the Mr suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) 1962, dropped... 1952, including `` Criss Cross '' and `` Evidence. Holiday was one first. Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and! In November the same year, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 who, with Dizzy played. Battle with addiction latter, which for this email, you are agreeing news... Make his first two recordings more widely accessible, but this effort was poorly thelonious monk history critics... In 1968, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged assembling a quartet his! The best in jazz but by that time the quarry had disappeared the Originally. Monk started playing the piano ai n't got No wrong notes! more than 50 years later ebbs flows!, whom they named after Monk 's accompanist in 1960 meeting with Thelonious was arranged developed the music had... His generation, R & B the Thelonious Monk quartet, which were generally written in the of. Is in a group of buy xanax online drugs called benzodiazepines, 1957 and., he passed away from a stroke in 1982 the most influential jazz singers of all time requires ).